In Korea, the general course of education is as follows: 6 years of elementary school, 3 years of middle school, 3 years of high school, and 4 years of university. In addition, there are pre-school education and 2 ~ 3-year college courses. Subsequently, there are main branches of elementary school, middle school, and high school as well as smaller specialized schools and technical schools. Higher educational institutes are also divided into colleges / universities and graduate schools. Other specialized colleges are available as well.
Broadly speaking, if you have children in Korea, you have three options for their education.
Local Korean schools
Each option has its own advantages.
Local Korean school Foreigners are free to send their children to Korean school. This is an option especially for those children with sufficient Korean language skills. Children lacking fluency in Korean might find it difficult to adjust to Korean school, which may be either public or private. Public elementary schools are free (except school lunches, which you must pay).
Private elementary schools tend to be much more expensive than their public counterparts; at the middle and high-school level, however, prices are comparable. Nonetheless, private Korean schools are much cheaper than even the cheapest international school.
Home schooling These days, thanks to the Internet, home schooling has become a real option for parents particularly for non-Korean-speaking families who do not want to pay for education at an international school. If you have patience and dedication, there are a number of websites that will help you build structured curricula for your children, such as Homeschool.com and US Distance Learning Association (www. usdla.org).
International school Most foreigners eventually send their children to one of Seoul’s international schools. English international schools usually follow American or, in some cases, British curricula. If you have children with special needs, be sure to check if the school provides the necessary services and facilities.